NJDOT Research

NJ #
Energy Harvesting on New Jersey Roadways

Future highway systems will be smart, green, resilient, and sustainable. Energy harvesting is a promising technique that can help solve global energy challenge without depleting natural resources. As one of green energy solutions, energy harvesting can reduce greenhouse gas (GHG) emission generated with traditional energy sources. In recent years, researchers have studied energy harvesting from ambient environment using different techniques, such as piezoelectric, thermoelectric, electromagnetic, and photovoltaic energy harvesting. However, these technologies work in different principles and thus have different application requirements and limitations if applied on roadway.

The objectives of this study are to identify and test potential technologies/methodologies/materials for energy harvesting and smart roadways in New Jersey. A feasibility study of such technologies for application on roadways will be conducted considering cost, durability, maintenance, environmental, and safety impacts. Prototype of energy harvesting modules and smart pavement markings will be developed and evaluated through laboratory testing and field sites. The data obtained from laboratory testing and field projects will provide baseline data for future implementation of smart roadway technologies in the New Jersey roadway network. The harvested energy from roadway can be used to power traffic devices, lighting, and sensors, especially at off-grid locations or remote regions. The smart pavement marking may improve the visibility of pavement marking for drivers especially in adverse climate conditions. The research outcomes can be further used for development of smart transportation infrastructure for vehicle-to-infrastructure interaction (V2I) and electrical vehicle charging.

Performing Organization
Rutgers University
Key Word(s)
Energy, Materials, Pavements, Safety & Human Factors

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